SSDS can occur even with first-time inhalant abuse. An alarming number of children are abusing or "huffing" chemical inhalants. In their study, the Brookhaven chemists put a radioactive isotope into the toluene, then injected it into baboons and mice. He has been doing drug education in schools since An article from Science Blogs describes the fact that toluene acts on areas of the brain that control the pleasure response and the release of dopamine, a neurotransmitter that is associated with addiction to substances like nicotine and alcohol, among others. The chemical moved quickly into the dopamine sections of the brain, then spread out to the fat areas before leaving the body via the kidneys.
Injury due to inhalant abuse occurs frequently, resulting in various types of damage to the heart, lungs, liver, kidneys, and brain ; these can result in hearing or vision loss or loss of coordination. You may be exposed through the Sites or Services to content that violates our policies, is sexually explicit or is otherwise offensive. This condition results from the extreme rush created by inhaling the toxic chemicals in paint and other substances. Neither Everyday Health, its Licensors nor any third-party content providers guarantee the accuracy, completeness or usefulness of any content. In , 2 million American children and teen-agers reported using inhalants at least once. Despite the popularity of inhalants, relatively little is known about what they do to the body. While the addiction mechanism is still not fully understood, the dopamine system appears to be involved deeply in the addictive response to substances. And "More information" links may no longer work. Last updated on July 31, T The person who is huffing may frequent hardware supply stores or have empty paint cans in their car or garage. The chemical moved quickly into the dopamine sections of the brain, then spread out to the fat areas before leaving the body via the kidneys. Dopamine is a natural chemical that produces a "feel-good" effect and is activated by such drugs as cocaine. For chronic users, addiction treatment generally involves therapy and other education and instruction to help the individual learn to manage triggers and cravings for continued inhalant abuse. Specifically, the extreme euphoric rush that occurs when inhaling toluene can become addictive, especially with repeated abuse. Is Huffing Paint Addictive? Children were actually Dewey's impetus for undertaking this study. Paint or paint cans may be missing from the household supply, or paint-covered rags may be found hidden or in the trash. However, a previous study, also conducted at Brookhaven, indicates toluene probably does activate dopamine. Treatment for Inhalant Abuse Emergency treatment may be necessary for people who have experienced acute inhalant intoxication by huffing paint. See Less Recommended For You. It is thought that this is caused by an adverse reaction to epinephrine in the body, resulting in sudden heart failure. The study and the images appear in the April 26 issue of Life Sciences. Similarly, if the inhalant replaces too high a volume of oxygen in the lungs, the individual can asphyxiate. See More Any opinions, advice, statements, services, advertisements, offers or other information or content expressed or made available through the Sites by third parties, including information providers, are those of the respective authors or distributors and not Everyday Health. It also means toluene stays longer in the system, Dewey says. The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and not Everyday Health.
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